Testing the role of NLRP3 and other NLR Family Members in COVID19 pathogenesis

  • Funded by National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Total publications:0 publications

Grant number: unknown

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Key facts

  • Disease

    COVID-19
  • Start & end year

    2020
    2022
  • Known Financial Commitments (USD)

    $103,161
  • Funder

    National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Principle Investigator

    Pending
  • Research Location

    United States of America, Americas
  • Lead Research Institution

    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Research Category

    Pathogen: natural history, transmission and diagnostics

  • Research Subcategory

    Pathogen morphology, shedding & natural history

  • Special Interest Tags

    Gender

  • Study Subject

    Non-Clinical

  • Clinical Trial Details

    N/A

  • Broad Policy Alignment

    Pending

  • Age Group

    Not Applicable

  • Vulnerable Population

    Not applicable

  • Occupations of Interest

    Not applicable

Abstract

Abstract:SARS-CoV2 is causing an unprecedented pandemic that is likely to result in millions of deaths, with devastatingeconomic and public health consequences. Approximately 10% of SARS-CoV2 infections result in COVID-19pneumonia that progresses to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). A growing body of evidencesuggests that the host inflammatory response plays a major role in driving severe disease outcomes. Therefore,it is essential to understand how SARS-CoV2 interacts with the host inflammatory response to drive COVID-19 pathogenesis. Recent studies suggest that bats, which are the natural reservoir of group 2b coronaviruses like SARS-CoV2, have dampened NLRP3 function, which may allow these viruses to infect bats without causing serious disease. This indicates that NLRP3 or other NLR inflammasomes, may play an important role in SARS-CoV2-induced inflammation and thereby drive virus-induced respiratory pathology. Given that these genes andpathways are also polymorphic in humans, this raises the possibility that genetic variation in NLR gene networksmay contribute to variation in SARS-CoV2 susceptibility. Therefore, we propose to take advantage of our research team's unique capabilities in SARS-CoV2 pathogenesis and mouse genetics to directly test whether NLRP3 or other NLR inflammasome pathways contribute to SARS-CoV2-induced disease. We will also test whether genetic variation in these pathways affects disease outcome or virus-induced immunity. This effort willbe further enhanced by a collaboration with Drs. Gary Nolan and Richard Ulevitch (U19AI100627), which will allow us to test whether these genes/pathways are activated during SARS-CoV2 infection in humans. Therefore,the proposed studies, which fall within the scope or the parent grant U19AI100625, achieve three critical research goals by: 1) testing the role of NLRP3 and related pathways in driving SARS-CoV2 disease pathogenesis, 2) testing whether genetic variation in these pathways affects SARS-CoV2-induced inflammatory responses or adaptive immunity, and 3) developing novel mouse models that reproduce key features of COVID-19 disease pathogenesis and inflammation.