Evaluation of the Interplay between HIV and COVID-19 in a large urban safety-net HIV clinic

  • Funded by National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Total publications:0 publications

Grant number: unknown

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Key facts

  • Disease

    COVID-19, Other
  • Start & end year

    2020
    2024
  • Known Financial Commitments (USD)

    $709,784
  • Funder

    National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Principle Investigator

    Pending
  • Research Location

    United States of America, Americas
  • Lead Research Institution

    UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA-SAN FRANCISCO
  • Research Category

    Pathogen: natural history, transmission and diagnostics

  • Research Subcategory

    Pathogen morphology, shedding & natural history

  • Special Interest Tags

    Gender

  • Study Subject

    Clinical

  • Clinical Trial Details

    Not applicable

  • Broad Policy Alignment

    Pending

  • Age Group

    Unspecified

  • Vulnerable Population

    Individuals with multimorbidity

  • Occupations of Interest

    Unspecified

Abstract

PROJECT SUMMARY/ ABSTRACT An unprecedented public health emergency due to the COVID-19 pandemic is unfolding worldwide and the United States has been the epicenter of the pandemic since March 26, 2020. No prior global pandemic ofthis scale has overlapped temporally with the HIV pandemic. Despite this, given the breathtaking speed atwhich the pandemic has progressed, very little is known about the interplay between HIV and SARS-CoV-2 given that COVID-19 has only recently entered areas of high HIV prevalence. The COVID-19 pandemic isthreatening worldwide gains in UNAIDS 90:90:90 targets for HIV by disrupting health systems, economies, andthe health of people with HIV. San Francisco was the first city in the U.S. to impose "shelter in place"public health measures on March 16, 2020. Given the need to limit in-person visits to counter the spread ofCOVID-19, research on the impact on HIV outcomes, retention in care, and socio behavioral outcomes will becrucial to develop interventions to attenuate COVID-19's deleterious impact and to plan for future pandemics. Whether people with HIV (PWH) are more or less susceptible to COVID-19 or severe disease is unknown;some of the risk factors for severe COVID-19 (older age, cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease) are more prevalent among PWH but HIV medications such as tenofovir and its metabolites could be protective. PWH inlow-income settings have marginal housing and food insecurity, increasing transmission risk. Given the impactof HIV on immune responses, it is also important to understand if PWH will have less durable immunity against COVID-19 following infection. Finally, the impact of the COVID-19's disruption of medical and social services for PWH needs urgent study, both during the crisis and in its aftermath, since COVID-19 has the potential toeradicate the progress made on Ending the HIV Epidemic to date. This proposal will answer three vital questions concerning the interplay between the two viruses. The site of the study will be at the Ward 86 HIV Clinic, a large safety-net clinic for publicly-insured patients with HIV in San Francisco, near the neighborhoods experiencing concentrated COVID-19 epidemics. Aim 1 will provide novel, urgently needed insights into how SARS-CoV-2 infection risk, prevalence and clinical outcomes vary by HIV status and/or antiretroviral regimen (i.e. tenofovir). Aim 2 will explore whether HIV infection will impair humoral or T-cell responses to COVID-19, providing insights for therapeutic and vaccine development. Aim 3 data will evaluate the impact of disruption of healthcare and social support systems on PWH, including viral suppression; retention in care; hospitalizations, co-morbidity outcomes, and non-COVID-19 related death; healthcare utilization during COVID019; and socio-behavioral outcomes during and after social distancing toassess isolation, food insecurity, stress, substance use, stigma, and resilience. Harnessing, the researchinfrastructure of the UCFAR, city wide COVID-19 registries, and a large, aging population of PWH served by the Ward 86 clinic, this grant will put immediate, high-impact studies in place to track the colliding pandemics.