Role of Pellino-1 in COVID-19 diseases

  • Funded by National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Total publications:0 publications

Grant number: unknown

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Key facts

  • Disease

    COVID-19
  • Start & end year

    2019
    2021
  • Known Financial Commitments (USD)

    $184,865
  • Funder

    National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Principle Investigator

    Pending
  • Research Location

    United States of America, Americas
  • Lead Research Institution

    The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston
  • Research Category

    Pathogen: natural history, transmission and diagnostics

  • Research Subcategory

    Immunity

  • Special Interest Tags

    Gender

  • Study Subject

    Non-Clinical

  • Clinical Trial Details

    N/A

  • Broad Policy Alignment

    Pending

  • Age Group

    Not Applicable

  • Vulnerable Population

    Not applicable

  • Occupations of Interest

    Not applicable

Abstract

SUPPLEMENT PROJECT SUMMARY Severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, also named as Coronavirus disease 2019 virus(COVID-19)) initially emerged in China in late 2019 and has rapidly spread to more than 70 countries in earlyMarch, 2020 with over 80,000 confirmed human cases world-wide. The World Health Organization hasdeclared COVID-19 disease as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Neither effective vaccinesnor treatments are available. A recent study of COVID-19 patients reported a close correlation of high levels ofcirculating inflammatory cytokines with the severity of illness in patients infected with the virus. This suggeststhe virus-induced cytokine storm may serve as a therapeutic target of COVID-19 diseases. Pellino-1 (Peli1),an ubiquitin ligase mediates inflammatory cytokine responses in multiple cell types, including lung epithelialcells and central nervous system resident cells. We have previously demonstrated that Peli1 induces microgliaactivation and promotes lethal encephalitis during West Nile virus infection. Peli1 also mediates inflammatorycytokine responses in bronchial epithelial cells and alveolar macrophages during influenza virus and rhinovirusinfection. Neutralization of Peli1 attenuates virus-induced airway inflammation. The goal of the parent grant isto understand the role of Peli1 in mediating inflammatory cytokine responses in Zika virus - infected humanneural stem cells and induction of congenital zika syndrome in animal models. In this supplement project, incollaboration with Dr. Vineet Menachery, an expert in coronavirus biology, we will investigate the role of Peli1in COVID-19 disease. Specifically, we hypothesize that Peli1 mediates inflammatory cytokine responses inairway epithelial cells upon SARS-CoV-2 infection and blocking Peli1 signaling reduces airway inflammationand attenuates COVID-19 disease in mice. In Aim 1, we will determine the role of Peli1 following in vitro SARS-CoV-2 infection in human lung epithelial cells. In Aim 2, we will determine the therapeutic effects of Smaducin6in animal models of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Initially, we will characterize SARS-CoV-2 infection in aged BALB/cmice. Subsequently, we will determine if treatment with Peli1 inhibitor attenuates COVID-19 disease in mice.Results from this study will provide important insights into CoVID-19 pathogenesis. In addition, identifying themediators responsible for alterations in lung inflammation is key to prevention and treatment of CoVID-19diseases.